Jersey Population: 98,069

« Previous Country | Next Country »

 History
Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British Crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

 Geography
Largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier
Location: Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates: 49 15 N, 2 10 W
Area: total: 116 sq km
land: 116 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 70 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Climate: temperate; mild winters and cool summers
Terrain: gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: arable land
Land use: agricultural land: 66% arable land 66%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0% forest: 0%
other: 34% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: NA
Current Environment Issues: NA
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
Ethnic groups: Jersey 46.4%, British 32.7%, Portuguese/Madeiran 8.2%, Polish 3.3%, Irish, French, and other white 7.1%, other 2.4% (2011 est.)
Languages: English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Religions: Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman Catholic
Population: 98,069 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.1% (male 8,169/female 7,616)
15-24 years: 14.23% (male 7,187/female 6,768)
25-54 years: 41.18% (male 20,215/female 20,170)
55-64 years: 12.38% (male 5,931/female 6,209)
65 years and over: 16.12% (male 6,731/female 9,073) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 47%
youth dependency ratio: 21.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 25.4%
potential support ratio: 3.9% note: data represent the Channel Islands (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 38.5 years
male: 36.2 years
female: 41.2 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.79% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 12.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 3.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 31.4% of total population (2014)
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) note: data are for the Channel Islands
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.9 years male: 79.4 years
female: 84.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.66 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Literacy:
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
conventional short form: Jersey
etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root "Jer(s)" is uncertain; the "-ey" ending means "island"
Government type: parliamentary democracy (Assembly of the States of Jersey); a Crown dependency of the UK
Capital: name: Saint Helier
geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions: none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes; Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity
Independence: none (British crown dependency)
National holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Constitution: history: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice amendments: proposals introduced to the Assembly of the States of Jersey by a government minister, by an Assembly member, or by an elected parish head; passage requires several Assembly readings, a majority vote by the Assembly, review by the UK Ministry of Justice, and approval by the British monarch (Royal Assent) (2016)
Legal system: the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; local statutes
Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor (currently vacant); Sir Stephen DALTON will take office in Marach 2017

head of government: Chief Minister Ian GORST (since 18 November 2011); Bailiff William BAILHACHE (since 29 January 2015)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed individually by the states elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; Council of Ministers including the chief minister indirectly elected by the Assembly of States; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (49 elected members; 8 senators to serve 6-year terms, and 29 deputies and 12 connetables, or heads of parishes, to serve 3-year terms; 5 non-voting members appointed by the monarch include the bailiff, lieutenant governor, dean of Jersey, attorney general, and the solicitor general)

elections: last held on 15 October 2014 (next to be held in 2017)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 49
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Jersey Court of Appeal (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, and 12 judges and organized into Heritage, Family, Probate, and Civil and Criminal Divisions); Royal Court (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, 6 commissioners and lay people referred to as jurats) judge selection and term of office: Jersey Court of Appeal bailiffs and judges appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; bailiffs and judges appointed for extent of good behavior; Royal Court bailiffs appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; commissioners appointed by the bailiff; jurats appointed by the Electoral College; bailiffs and commissioners appointed for extent of good behavior; jurats appointed until retirement at age 72

subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Youth Court; Petty Debts Court; Parish Hall Enquires (a process of preliminary investigation into youth and minor adult offenses to determine need for presentation before a court)
Political parties and leaders: one registered party: Reform Jersey [Sam MEZEC] note: most senators and deputies sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders: Institute of Directors, Jersey branch (provides business support) Jersey Hospitality Association [Ian BARNES] (trade association) Jersey Rights Association [David ROTHERHAM] (human rights) La Societe Jersiaise (education and conservation group) Progress Jersey [Daren O'TOOLE, Gino RISOLI] (human rights) Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticultural Society or RJA&HS (development and management of the Jersey breed of cattle) Save Jersey's Heritage (protects heritage through building preservation)
International organization participation:
National symbol(s): Jersey cow; national colors: red, white
National anthem: name: "Isle de Siez Nous" (Island Home)
lyrics/music: Gerard LE FEUVRE

note: adopted 2008; serves as a local anthem; as a British Crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (British Crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (British Crown dependency)
^Back to Top
 Economy
Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2010, the financial services sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. Living standards come close to those of the UK. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey with the result that an electronics industry has developed, displacing more traditional industries. All raw material and energy requirements are imported as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. In October 2014, Jersey signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion. Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2010, the financial services sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. Living standards come close to those of the UK. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey with the result that an electronics industry has developed, displacing more traditional industries. All raw material and energy requirements are imported as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. In October 2014, Jersey signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.771 billion (FY12/13 est.) $5.786 billion (FY11/12)

note: data are in 2013 US dollars GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.771 billion (FY12/13 est.) $5.786 billion (FY11/12) note: data are in 2013 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $5.771 billion (FY 2012/13 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $5.771 billion (FY 2012/13 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: -0.3% (FY12/13 est.) -0.3% (FY12/13 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $57,000 (2005 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $57,000 (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products
Industries: tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
Industrial production growth rate: NA% NA%
Labor force: 53,380 (June 2012) 53,380 (June 2012)
Unemployment rate: 1.7% (2012 est.) 2.2% (2006 est.) 1.7% (2012 est.) 2.2% (2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA% NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $829 million
expenditures: $851 million (2005) revenues: $829 million expenditures: $851 million (2005)
Taxes and other revenues: 14.4% of GDP (2005) 14.4% of GDP (2005)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.7% (2006) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.7% (2006)
Exports: $NA $NA
Exports - commodities: light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles, flowers light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles, flowers
Imports: $NA $NA
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals
Debt - external: $NA $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA $NA
Exchange rates: Jersey pounds (JEP) per US dollar 0.607 (2014) 0.607 (2013) 0.6542 (2012) 0.6391 (2011 est.) Jersey pounds (JEP) per US dollar 0.607 (2014) 0.607 (2013) 0.6542 (2012) 0.6391 (2011 est.)
^Back to Top
 Energy
Electricity - consumption: 630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)
^Back to Top
 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 112,400 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 117 (July 2013 est.)
Telephone system: general assessment: modern system with broadband access

domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available

international: country code - 44; submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2015)
Broadcast media: multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey; satellite packages available; BBC Radio Jersey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)
Internet country code: .je
Internet users: total: 58,000 percent of population: 59.6% (July 2015 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Airports: 1 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 576 km
(2010)
Merchant marine:

registered in other countries: 14 (Gibraltar 1, India 2, Marshall Islands 11) (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »




   Source: CIA - The World Factbook

 

Flag Counter